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Freilassung der inhaftierten Kinder der Familie Leyva unter Auflagen, unveränderte Inhaftierung ihrer Mutter

Amnesty Kuba  (05.04.2017, 00.00 Uhr)

Eine Familie bestehend aus vier Menschenrechtsverteidiger_innen wurde nach Castros Tod in Holguín im Südosten Kubas festgenommen. Die drei Geschwister hatten am 7. März einen Hungerstreik begonnen und sind nun unter Auflagen freigelassen worden. Ihre Mutter Maydolis Leyva Portelles, deren Hausarrest nicht aufgehoben wurde, ist weiterhin eine gewaltlose politische Gefangene und muss umgehend und bedingungslos freigelassen werden.

Laut Angaben der Mutter Maydolis Leyva Portelles haben die kubanischen Behörden die Zwillingsschwestern Anairis und Adairis Miranda Leyva und ihren Bruder Fidel Manuel Batista Leyva nach einem längeren Hungerstreik am 2. April unter Auflagen (licencia extrapenal) auf freien Fuß gesetzt. Die Behörden gestatteten es Maydolis Leyva Portelles, die ihre Strafe im Hausarrest verbüßt, ihre drei Kinder noch am selben Tag im Krankenhaus zu besuchen.

Die drei Geschwister und ihre Mutter sind Menschenrechtsverteidiger_innen und wurden am 27. November 2016, zwei Tage nach Fidel Castros Tod, festgenommen. Am 7. März 2017 traten die Geschwister in den Hungerstreik. An diesem Tag mussten sie ihre Strafe wegen "Störung der öffentlichen Ordnung" und der "Verunglimpfung von Institutionen, Organisationen sowie Held_innen und Märtyrer_innen der Republik Kuba" antreten.

Dissident_innen werden auf Kuba häufig unter den Licencia-Extrapenal-Auflagen freigelassen. Dies ist eine Art Bewährung und bedeutet, dass die Anklagen nicht fallengelassen werden, die Verurteilten aber den Rest der Strafzeit außerhalb des Gefängnisses verbringen können. Einige Dissident_innen, die während der "Unterdrückungswelle" im Jahr 2003 festgenommen worden waren, wurden zum Beispiel unter dieser Bedingung freigelassen. Unter dieser Auflage können die kubanischen Behörden die Geschwister jedoch erneut festnehmen und zur Verbüßung ihrer Strafe inhaftieren.

Bis heute hat Maydolis Leyva Portelles keine Nachricht über die Aufhebung ihres Hausarrests erhalten. Sie ist weiterhin eine gewaltlose politische Gefangene und muss umgehend und bedingungslos freigelassen werden.

HINTERGRUNDINFORMATIONEN Die Festnahme von Anairis und Adairis Miranda Leyva, Fidel Manuel Batista Leyva und Maydolis Leyva Portelles fand in Holguín zusammen mit einer "Demonstration der Ablehnung" (acto de repudio) vor dem Haus der Familie statt. Diese Demonstrationen werden auf Kuba häufig von der Regierung organisiert. Nach Angaben von Maydolis Leyva Portelles, die zurzeit unter Hausarrest steht, waren bei der Festnahme viele Staatssicherheitsbeamt_innen in Zivil anwesend, darunter Angehörige des Staatsschutzes und des Militärs. Die Familie ist regierungskritisch eingestellt, bekannt für ihren Aktivismus und wird mit einer Reihe von politischen und Menschenrechtsbewegungen wie die Bewegung Movimiento Cubano de Reflexión in Verbindung gebracht. Laut der Website ist die Bewegung El Movimiento Cubano de Reflexión eine gewaltfreie Organisation, die darauf abzielt, die kubanische Bevölkerung zu mobilisieren, um einen gesellschaftlichen Wandel herbeizuführen.

Maydolis Leyva Portelles und ihre Kinder wurden gemäß Paragraf 204 des kubanischen Strafgesetzbuchs angeklagt, der die "Verunglimpfung von Institutionen, Organisationen sowie Held_innen und Märtyrer_innen der Republik Kuba" unter Strafe stellt. Personen, die öffentlich Institutionen der Republik Kuba oder politische Organisationen oder kubanische Held_innen und Märtyrer_innen verunglimpfen, verleumden oder herabsetzen, können nach Paragraf 204 mit drei bis zwölf Monaten Gefängnis oder einer Geldstrafe belegt werden. Am 13. Januar 2017 hielt ein Gericht der zweiten Instanz die einjährige Gefängnisstrafe der drei Geschwister aufrecht, gestattete aber der Mutter, ihre Strafe im Hausarrest zu verbüßen, um für ihre Enkelkinder, die Kinder von Adairis Miranda Leyva, zu sorgen. Amnesty betrachtete die Geschwister und ihre Mutter als gewaltlose politische Gefangene, die lediglich aufgrund der friedlichen Wahrnehmung ihres Rechts auf freie Meinungsäußerung inhaftiert waren. Laut Angaben der Mutter waren die Geschwister am 7. März, dem Tag als sie zur Verbüßung der Strafe inhaftiert wurden, in den Hungerstreik getreten. Nach dem Völkerrecht stellt der Einsatz von Verleumdungsgesetzen, mit dem Ziel, rechtmäßige Kritik an der Regierung oder Beamt_innen zu unterbinden, einen Verstoß gegen das Recht auf freie Meinungsäußerung dar.



Urteil von 3 Jahren Haft gegen Dr. Eduardo Cardet ausgesprochen - Eilaktion dazu

Amnesty Kuba  (22.03.2017, 00.00 Uhr)

Der Aktivist Dr. Eduardo Cardet wurde zu 3 Jahren Haft verurteilt, bitte fordern Sie mit Amnesty per Eilaktion seine sofortige Freilassung, da er ein Gewissengefangener ist

Cuba: Activist sentenced to three years in jail after criticising Fidel Castro

https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/news/2017/03/cuba-activist-sentenced-to-three-years-in-jail-after-criticising-fidel-castro/

A three year sentence against the leader of a Christian pro-democracy movement after he criticized Fidel Castro is a stark illustration of ongoing restrictions to the right to free expression in Cuba, said Amnesty International.

Dr. Eduardo Cardet Concepción, leader of the Christian Liberation Movement (Movimiento Cristiano Liberación, MCL) was sentenced on Monday 20 March, his wife told Amnesty International.

He was charged with attacking an official of the state (atentado) after he publicly criticized former Cuban leader Fidel Castro a few days after his death. During an interview with Madrid-based radio station esRadio, aired two days before his arrest, Cardet described the mourning in Cuba following the death of Fidel Castro as imposed, and said: “Castro was a very controversial man, very much hated and rejected by our people.” His lawyer has ten days to file an appeal. “For decades, the Cuban authorities have harassed and intimidated members of the Christian Liberation Movement in a attempt to silence any dissenting ideas,” said Erika Guevara-Rosas, Americas Director at Amnesty International.

“Despite some recent openness, we see how the Cuban authorities continue to control free expression. It is beyond belief that people are still routinely arrested for criticizing a politician or for writing an opinion on a wall – as was the case of graffiti artist Danilo ‘El Sexto’ Maldonado. Sadly, Cuban courts continue to fail to provide a rigorous check and balance to executive powers.”

“There is no doubt that Dr Cardet is a prisoner of conscience, put behind bars for speaking his mind. He must not be made to spend a second longer in jail.”

Provisions of the Cuban Criminal Code, such as contempt of a public official (desacato), resistance to public officials carrying out their duties (resistencia) and public disorder (desórdenes públicos) are frequently used to stifle free speech, assembly and association in Cuba.

The Cuban Commission for Human Rights and National Reconciliation, a Cuban-based human rights NGO not recognized by the state, documented a monthly average of 827 politically motivated detentions in 2016.

The Christian Liberation Movement (Movimento Cristiano Liberación, MCL) is a prominent actor in the pro-democracy movement in Cuba. According to its website, it is a movement for peaceful and democratic change and respect for human dignity. It was founded in 1988 by Oswaldo Payá Sardiñas, who became a visible figure of the Cuban political opposition, and four other activists.

Amnesty International has documented harassment and intimidation of members of the MCL for decades. In 1991, after Oswaldo Payá Sardiñas presented a petition calling for a national referendum relating to constitutional reform, he had his home destroyed by over 200 people, said to be members of a Rapid Response Brigade. After Oswaldo Payá announced his intention to put himself forward as a candidate for deputy to the National Assembly for the municipality of Cerro, Havana, members of his organization were reportedly subjected to frequent questioning and short-term detention.

Read more:

Cuba: Demand release of human rights defender: Dr Eduardo Cardet Concepción (Urgent Action, 31 January 2017) https://www.amnesty.org/en/documents/amr25/5601/2017/en/

Cuba: Cuban Graffiti artist released: Danilo Maldonado Machado (Urgent Action, 23 January 2017) https://www.amnesty.org/en/documents/amr25/5545/2017/en/



Neuer Jahresbericht 2016 von Amnesty zu Kuba

Amnesty Kuba  (22.02.2017, 00.00 Uhr)

Der Bericht steht unter DOWNLOADS/Jahresberichte zum herunterladen als PDF Datei zur Verfügung.

CUBA

Republic of Cuba Head of state and government: Raúl Castro Ruz

Despite purported political openness, restrictions on the rights to freedom of expression, association and movement continued. Local civil society and opposition groups reported increased politically motivated detentions and harassment of government critics.

BACKGROUND

The re-establishment of relations between the USA and Cuba in 2015 led to increased trade and tourism between the two countries in 2016. For example, commercial air services from the USA to Cuba resumed after more than 50 years. In March, US President Barack Obama visited Cuba and met President Raúl Castro, the first visit to Cuba by a US President in nearly a century.(1) Fidel Castro died in November. (2)

Millions of tourists, many from the USA and Europe, visited Cuba in 2016, resulting in a significant boom in the tourism industry. Cuban migrants continued to fly to South and Central American countries and to travel north overland in order to reach the USA. Between October 2015 and July 2016, more than 46,000 Cubans entered the USA, slightly more than in 2015 and twice as many as in 2014, according to Pew Research Centre.

Throughout the year, the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) expressed concern about the situation of Cuban migrants attempting to reach the USA. In August, more than 1,000 Cuban migrants were stranded in Colombia close to the border with Panama. The IACHR expressed concern that they did not have access to food and were at risk of being trafficked. In July, 121 Cuban migrants were allegedly deported from Ecuador without proper notification or the opportunity to appeal against the decisions.

Cuba had not ratified the ICCPR or the ICESCR, both of which it had signed in February 2008, nor the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court. Likewise, Cuba had not recognized the competence of the UN Committee against Torture nor the UN Committee on Enforced Disappearances to receive and consider communications from victims or other states parties.

FREEDOMS OF EXPRESSION AND ASSOCIATION

Despite the re-establishment of relations with the USA in 2015, Cold War rhetoric persisted, with political activists and human rights defenders being publicly described as “anti-Cuban mercenaries”, “antirevolutionary” and “subversive”. The judicial system remained under political control. Laws covering “public disorder”, “contempt”, “disrespect”, “dangerousness” and “aggression” were used in politically motivated prosecutions. Government critics continued to experience harassment including “acts of repudiation” (demonstrations led by government supporters and involving state security officials).

The government continued to use limitations on access to the internet as a key way of controlling both access to information and freedom of expression. Only 25% of the population was able to get online and only 5% of homes had internet access. By August, there were reportedly 178 public Wi-Fi spots in the country. However, there were frequent reports of the Wi-Fi service being interrupted. The government continued to block and filter websites, limiting access to information and criticism of state policies.(3)

ARBITRARY ARRESTS AND DETENTIONS

Reports continued of government critics and activists – such as the Ladies in White – being routinely subjected to arbitrary arrest and short-term detention for exercising their rights to freedom of expression, association, assembly and movement.(4) The authorities engaged in a game of “cat and mouse” whereby activists were repeatedly picked up, detained for periods of between eight and 30 hours and then released without charge, often several times a month. The Cuban Commission for Human Rights and National Reconciliation documented a monthly average of 862 arbitrary detentions between January and November, an increase compared with the same period in 2015. Those held for longer periods in “provisional detention” were often not charged and their relatives were rarely provided with documents giving the reasons for the detention.

In July and August, Guillermo Fariñas, who was awarded the EU’s Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought in 2010, and other political activists, mostly from the Patriotic Union of Cuba, went on hunger strike in a mass protest against what they believed to be the increasingly violent repression of dissidents and activists. At the end of the year, graffiti artist and prisoner of conscience Danilo Maldonado Machado, known as El Sexto, was being held in El Combinado del Este, a maximum security prison on the outskirts of the capital, Havana. Danilo Machado was arrested in his home on 26 November, hours after the announcement of Fidel Castro’s death. The same day, Cuba-based newspaper 14ymedio reported that he had written the words “He’s gone” (Se fue) on a wall in Havana.(5)

INTERNATIONAL SCRUTINY

Independent human rights organizations and mechanisms, including UN Special Rapporteurs, did not have access to Cuba. Independent monitors were also denied access to prisons. Cuba remained the only country in the Americas region which Amnesty International did not have permission from authorities to visit.

1. Obama-Castro encounter: More than a handshake needed to thaw the Cold War’s human rights (News story, 21 March) 2. Fidel Castro’s human rights legacy: A tale of two worlds (News story, 26 November) 3. Six facts about censorship in Cuba (News story, 11 March) 4. Americas: Open Letter from Amnesty International to US President Barack Obama, Cuban President Raul Castro and Argentine President Mauricio Macri (AMR 01/3666/2016) 5. Cuba: Graffiti artist transferred to new prison: Danilo Maldonado Machado (AMR 25/5279/2016)



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