Sorge um den kubanischen Aktivisten Tomás Núñez Madariaga

Amnesty Kuba  (10.10.2018, 00.00 Uhr)

Amnesty International ist besorgt um die Gesundheit des kubanischen Aktivisten Tomás Núñez Madariaga, der sich derzeit in einem längeren Hungerstreik befindet, und fordert die kubanischen Behörden auf, die gegen ihn gerichteten Beweise öffentlich zu machen.


Amnesty International is concerned for the health of Cuban activist, Tomás Núñez Madariaga, currently on a prolonged hunger strike and calls on the Cuban authorities to make public the evidence against him.

Tomás Núñez Madariaga, a member of the unofficial political opposition group “Patriotic Union of Cuba” (Unión Patriótica de Cuba, UNPACU) is on a prolonged hunger strike and, according to his family, in a critical condition. Tomás was allegedly found guilty of threatening a state official. His family say that they have not received a copy of the ruling and that Tomás has no access to a lawyer.

In the light of his current state, Erika Guevara-Rosas said:

“Yet another UNPACU activist – this time Tomás Núñez Madariaga - has been detained by the Cuban authorities and is on a prolonged hunger-strike and in a critical condition. The Cuban authorities have a legal obligation to publicly reveal the evidence against him and must do so immediately. The international community is monitoring this case.”

This occurs just two months after the leader of UNPACU, José Daniel Ferrer García, spent 11 days in a Cuban jail with no access to his family. Last month, at the UN, Cuba refused recommendations from other UN members to accept independent monitors into its prisons and to strengthen the independence of the judicial system.

People who have been detained for exercising their freedom of expression or peaceful assembly in Cuba repeatedly tell Amnesty International about the difficulties they face in accessing a lawyer of their choice and criticize the lack of independence of public lawyers who often fail to exercise due diligence in their cases. Defence lawyers almost never provide families with copies of court documents, creating significant barriers for victims in accessing justice at the national and international level.

Earlier this month, the Council of Bars and Law Societies of Europe called on the Cuban government to improve access to independent lawyers in Cuba and ensure all lawyers can perform their professional duties without fear of reprisals.

Stellungnahme zum UPR zu Kuba

Amnesty Kuba  (08.10.2018, 00.00 Uhr)

HRC39 Amnesty International oral statement on the UPR outcome on Cuba September 2018

Mr. President,

Cuba published its response to states’ recommendations only three days ago. Responding this late undermines this UPR process and reflects a common trend by the authorities to limit constructive dialogue with independent monitors.

Cuba continues to use trumped-up charges for common-crimes and politically motivated dismissals from state employment as a way of silencing those perceived to be critical of the government. We are particularly concerned by Decree 349, a dystopic new law which stands to censor artists who will need prior authorization by the state to work or risk sanction.

By rejecting a host of recommendations to ratify key human rights treaties, Cuba continues to go against a trend of other UN Members States towards universal ratification.

We welcome Cuba’s acceptance of recommendations to ensure full compliance with the “Mandela Rules”; however, its refusal to allow monitors access to its prisons, or to the island more generally - as well as its rejection of recommendations to extend invitations to the Special Procedures - undermines the authorities’ stated commitment.

In this forum, we reiterate our formal request to visit Cuba, the only country in the Americas which is closed to Amnesty International.

Regrettably Cuba rejected multiple recommendations to strengthen the independence of the judiciary and to bring its criminal laws in line with international law.

Just this August, José Daniel Ferrer García, leader of an unofficial political opposition group, was held incommunicado for 11 days. Prisoner of conscience Dr. Eduardo Cardet remains behind bars.

Online censorship and restrictions on independent media continue to undermine Cuba’s advances in education. We regret Cuba’s rejection of recommendations to remove restrictions on internet access and to promote pluralist media.

Finally, we welcome Cuba’s acceptance of recommendations to prevent discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity. We take this opportunity to encourage Cuba to become the first independent Caribbean nation to legalize same-sex unions.

Freilassung von Dr. Ariel Ruiz Urquiola

Amnesty Kuba  (03.07.2018, 00.00 Uhr)

Die kubanischen Behörden haben den gewaltlosen politischen Gefangenen Ariel Ruiz Urquiola, Doktor der Biologie und ehemaliger Mitarbeiter der Universität der kubanischen Hauptstadt Havanna, am 3. Juli 2018 freigelassen. Dokumenten zufolge, die Amnesty International einsehen konnte, gewährten die Gefängnisbehörden Dr. Ariel Ruiz Urquiola nach einem langen Hungerstreik eine bedingte Freilassung (licencia extrapenal).

Menschen, die auf Kuba inhaftiert sind, nur weil sie ihre Überzeugungen frei äußern, werden häufig unter den Licencia-Extrapenal-Auflagen freigelassen. Dies ist eine Art Bewährung und bedeutet, dass die Verurteilten den Rest der Strafzeit außerhalb des Gefängnisses verbringen dürfen. Die Behörden können Dr. Ariel Ruiz Urquiola aber jedereit wieder festnehmen und zur Vollendung seiner Strafe ins Gefängnis zurückbringen.

Dr. Ariel Ruiz Urquiola wurde zu einer einjährigen Haftstrafe wegen „Verleumdung“ (desacato) verurteilt, weil er zwei Forstaufseher_innen beleidigt haben soll. Die Straftat „Verleumdung“ (Paragraf 144.1 des kubanischen Strafgesetzbuchs) ist eine Bestimmung im kubanischen Strafrecht, die nicht dem Völkerrecht entspricht. Zudem ist sie eine unzulässige Einschränkung des Rechts auf freie Meinungsäußerung, da Amtsträger_innen mehr Kritik akzeptieren sollten als Privatpersonen. Verleumdungsgesetze mit der Absicht oder Wirkung zu nutzen, rechtmäßige Kritik an der Regierung oder Amtsträger_innen zu unterbinden, verstößt gegen das Recht auf Meinungsfreiheit. Amnesty International wird die Situation von Dr. Ariel Ruiz Urquiola weiterhin beobachten.

Vielen Dank allen, die Appelle geschrieben haben.

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