Freilassung aller von Amnesty betreuten Gefangenen auf Kuba

Amnesty Kuba  (09.01.2015, 00.00 Uhr)

Further information on UA: 201/13 Index: AMR 25/001/2015 Cuba Date: 9 January 2015


Prisoners of conscience released in Cuba

Five jailed dissidents which Amnesty International named prisoners of conscience in 2013 were released between 7 and 8 January. Three remain under conditional release. On 7 January twin brothers Vianco Vargas Martín and Django Vargas Martín were released from Mar Verde prison in the province of Santiago de Cuba, eastern Cuba. On 8 January their elder brother, Alexeis Vargas Martín, was released from the Aguadores Prison in the same province. The three men had been detained since December 2012 and sentenced in June 2014 to two-and-a-half and four years’ imprisonment, respectively, for “public disorder”. Under the conditions of their liberation they remain under conditional release and must regularly present themselves to local authorities. They also cannot leave their province. Any restrictions on the freedom of the three brothers must be lifted as they should have never been arrested in the first place. On 8 January prisoners of conscience Iván Fernández Depestre and Emilio Planas Robert were apparently released without restriction. Iván Fernández Depestre had been detained in the Guamajal prison in Santa Clara since July 2013, and Emilio Planas Robert had been detained in Guantánamo Provincial Prison since September 2012. Iván Fernández Depestre was sentenced in August 2013 to three years’ imprisonment for “dangerousness”. Emilio Planas Robert was sentenced to three-and-a-half years' imprisonment in October 2012 for the same accusation. The releases of the five men are believed to be part of a group of more than 50 political prisoners to be freed as part of the recently announced agreement between Cuban and US governments to “normalize” relations. Since 7 January, Cuban activists have reported the release of dozens of jailed dissidents. Please write immediately in Spanish or your own language: n Welcoming the release of the prisoners of conscience in Cuba; n Urging the Cuban authorities to immediately and unconditionally lift the restriction on the freedom of Bianco Vargas Martín, Django Vargas Martín and Alexeis Vargas Martín; n Calling on the Cuban government to complete those releases with the necessary civil and political reforms in order to lift all restrictions on the peaceful exercise of freedoms of expression, association and assembly. PLEASE SEND APPEALS BEFORE 20 FEBRUARY 2015 TO: Head of State and Government Raúl Castro Ruz Presidente de la República de Cuba La Habana, Cuba Fax: +41 22 758 9431 (Cuba office in Geneva); +1 212 779 1697 (via Cuban Mission to UN) Email: (c/o Cuban Mission to UN) Salutation: Your Excellency Attorney General Dr. Darío Delgado Cura Fiscal General de la República Fiscalía General de la República Amistad 552, e/Monte y Estrella Centro Habana La Habana, Cuba Salutation: Dear Attorney General And copies to: Interior Minister General Abelardo Colomé Ibarra Ministro del Interior y Prisiones Ministerio del Interior Plaza de la Revolución La Habana, Cuba Fax: +1 212 779 1697 (via Cuban Mission to UN) Email: Also send copies to diplomatic representatives accredited to your country. Please insert local diplomatic addresses below: Name Address 1 Address 2 Address 3 Fax Fax number Email Email address Salutation Salutation Please check with your section office if sending appeals after the above date. This is the third update of UA 201/13. Further information: URGENT ACTION prisoners of conscience released in cuba ADditional Information Alexeis Vargas Martín, 22, and his two 17-year-old twin brothers, Vianco Vargas Martín and Django Vargas Martín had been detained and charged by the police with using “violence or intimidation” against a state official (atentado). The brothers, who live in the neighbourhood of Veguita de Galo in the city of Santiago de Cuba are all members of the Patriotic Union of Cuba (Unión Patriótica de Cuba, UNPACU). In the afternoon of 27 November 2012, Alexeis was returning to his house where a government-sanctioned demonstration (acto de repudio) was underway at the time. The house was surrounded by government supporters as his mother, Miraida Martín Calderín, a member of the Ladies in White protest group, was meeting with other members of the same organization. Alexeis was refused entry to his own home and arrested by police and officials from the Department of State Security. On 2 December, Vianco and Django Vargas Martín - then only 16 years old - went with friends to protest outside the Micro 9 police station in the city of Santiago de Cuba against the detention of their brother. They were arrested and also charged by police with atentado. The brothers were finally tried on 13 June 2014 at the Provincial Court in Santiago de Cuba, under the charges of public disorder of a continuous nature (alteración del orden público de carácter continuado). On 5 November 2014 their mother Miraida Martín Calderín finally received documentation at her home regarding the sentencing of her three sons. Alexeis Vargas Martín was sentenced to four years’ imprisonment and Vianco Vargas Martín and Django Vargas Martín were sentenced to two years and six months. On 30 July 2013 Iván Fernández Depestre, who is a member of dissident groups, and five other activists peacefully demonstrated in Placetas, in the central province of Villa Clara to commemorate the anniversary of the death of Cuban national hero Frank País, when they were arrested by officials from the Department of State Security. All were subsequently released except for Iván Fernández Depestre, who was charged with “dangerousness” (peligrosidad), a pre-emptive measure defined as the “special proclivity of a person to commit crimes”. Behaviour such as drunkenness, drug-addiction and “antisocial behaviour” is criminalized under this provision, which is often used as a pretext to imprison political dissidents, independent journalists and government critics. A summary trial was held on 2 August at the Municipal Court of Placetas in Villa Clara province. Iván Fernández Depestre was sentenced to three years imprisonment. According to information received by Amnesty International he had no legal representation during the trial. Emilio Planas Robert was arrested in the city of Guantánamo in Guantánamo Province on 23 September 2012 by Cuban police and officials from the Department of State Security. The man, who is a member of the Patriotic Union of Cuba (Unión Patriótica de Cuba, UNPACU) was charged with “dangerousness” (peligrosidad). Emilio Planas Robert was sentenced to three-and-a-half years' imprisonment following summary trials on 5 October 2012. The authorities had accused him of putting up posters in Guantánamo city with “anti-government” slogans such as “down with Fidel” (abajo Fidel) and “down with hunger” (abajo el hambre). According to their families, no incriminating material was found at their houses and none was presented at their trials. Article 72 of the Cuban Criminal Code, "The Dangerous State", reads: "The dangerous state is considered to be the special proclivity of a person to commit crimes as demonstrated by behaviour that manifestly contradicts the norms of socialist morals." (Se considera estado peligroso la especial proclividad en que se halla una persona para cometer delitos, demostrada por la conducta que observa en contradicción manifiesta con las normas de la moral socialista). Name: Vianco Vargas Martín, Django Vargas Martín, Alexeis Vargas Martín, Iván Fernández Depestre and Emilio Planas Robert Gender m/f: m Further information on UA: 201/13 Index: AMR 25/001/2015 Issue Date: 9 January 2015

Presseerklärung: Amnesty begrüßt den Austausch der Gefangenen zwischen Kuba und den USA

Amnesty Kuba  (17.12.2014, 00.00 Uhr)


NEWSFLASH, 17 December 2014

USA-Cuba prisoner swap must spur historic human rights change Today’s prisoner exchange between the USA and Cuba presents the best opportunity in more than half a century to forge an agenda for human rights change amid efforts to normalize relations between the two countries, Amnesty International said. Alan Gross, an alleged US aid worker imprisoned in Cuba for the past five years after being accused of spying, and the three remaining “Cuban Five” prisoners held in the USA on espionage charges since 1998, had been released and were en route to their respective home countries on Wednesday morning local time. “Today’s prisoner swap is a very welcome opening salvo in a long-awaited overhaul of US-Cuban relations after more than half a century of thorny relations, sanctions and mutual recriminations. Any efforts at political and diplomatic change must now go hand-in-glove with historic human rights change in Cuba,” said Erika Guevara Rosas, Americas Director at Amnesty International. “If the US embargo on Cuba, and its negative impact on the economic and social rights of Cubans, is lifted as part of efforts to normalize relations between the two countries, it will mean Cuban authorities can no longer use the crippling sanctions as an excuse for lagging behind on its international human rights obligations.” For years, Amnesty International campaigned on behalf of the “Cuban Five”. The organization echoed concerns raised by a UN Working Group that the men were not afforded fair trials in Miami, and criticized the USA for not granting visas to allow several of the men’s wives to visit them in prison. Those released today include Gerardo Hernandez, 49, Antonio Guerrero, 56, and Ramon Labañino, 51. Two others, Rene Gonzalez, 58, and Fernando Gonzalez, 51, were previously released. “This release after more than a decade and a half behind bars in the USA, following proceedings that fell short of international fair trial standards, must come as an immense relief for these three men and their families. Concerns raised by Amnesty International and others over their trial and treatment should have prompted US authorities to grant these men clemency years ago,” said Erika Guevara Rosas. Public Document

Neue ua: Drei Angeklagte freigelassen, aber unter Hausarrest

Amnesty Kuba  (15.12.2014, 00.00 Uhr)

Es gibt eine neue, aktuelle urgent action zu Sonia Garro Alfonso (von den Damas de Blanco), ihrem Ehemann Ramón Alejandro Muñoz González und ihrem Nachbarn Eugenio Hernández Hernández. Alle drei wurden am 09. Dezember freigelassen, die Anklagen bleiben allerdings gegen sie bestehen und sie stehen unter Hausarrest. Amnesty International befürchtet, dass sie kein faires Gerichtsverfahren erhalten.

Urgent Action siehe unter DOWNLOADS Aktuelles oder unter

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